Thursday, August 27, 2020

Properties and Modern Application of Engineering Materials

Question: Portray about the Report for Properties and Modern Application of Engineering Materials. Answer: Presentation Designing materials are basic in regular day to day existence attributable to their flexible basic qualities. Other than their attributes, they do assume a huge job because of their physical qualities. The prime physical properties of the ordinarily used designing materials incorporate electrical, warm, attractive, and optical properties as talked about in the report. This is a report on the properties of materials and the impact they have on their utilization and application in current designing. The report incorporates mechanical, electrical, optical, warm, and alloying properties and the upsides and downsides of each, giving models for each situation. Properties and present day utilization of building materials Mechanical properties of materials These are those proprties that decide the mechanical quality of a material and its capacity to be formed fit as a fiddle. A portion of the normal mechanical properties incorporate quality, hardenability, ductility,creepand, slip strength, fragility, pliability, sturdiness, hardness, and weakness (Kakani, Kakani, 2004). Quality It is the materials trademark that its inclination to disfigure or experience breakdown when an outer power or burden is applied. The material to be considered with respect to any designing item ought to have a fitting mechanical solidarity to have the option to shoulder fluctuating mechanical loads and powers. Durability This is the capacity of an enginerring material to assimilate and withstand the applied vitality and experience plastic misshapening without experiencsing any crack. The numerical estimation of durability is evaluated by the estimation of vitality in a unit volume estimated in J/m3. Additionally, the estimation of a meterials durability can be assessed by pressure strain properties of the material. For any material to have attractive toughnes,it should have reasonable flexibility and quality. For example, weak materials that have brilliant quality yet unwanted malleability don't have attractive durability. Then again, materials that have fantastic pliability yet unfortunate quality also don't have attractive strength. In this way, for a meterial to be extreme, it ought to have the option to withstand both raised anxiety (Wigley, 2012). Present day building applications Earthenware production have increased adaptable application in the field of designing. Items made utilizing specialized pottery are fame parts in the development and control of confounded plants, apparatus, and hardware that require electro-specialized segment gatherings (Munz, Fett, 2013). Regular models are sensors in the car building industry or in the heater/furnace designing. Others are the vacuum offices of actuators moving identifiers. Aces Pottery, inferable from their fragility, have either covalent or ionic bonds. One bit of leeway is that such bonds are more grounded than the metallic bonds. Cons The test however, is that pottery have essentially raised odds of disappointment event and are in this way, defenseless to breaking before achieving the ideal yield pressure. Electrical properties of materials The electrical reason for a material impacts the decision of a designing material for its electrical qualities. A building material is can either be utilized as an electrical conveyor or protector. The suggestion is that a given material can be named a superconductor or a semiconductor. The conductivity of a building material decides its capacity to take into consideration the progression of electric charges (Tomkins, Wareing, 2013). The dielectric properties of materials One of the electrical properties of a designing material is named as its dielectric quality. A dielectric designing material has the limit of putting away vitality if an outside electric field streams across it. There can be unexpected excitation of noteworthy amount of electrons to the energies found inside the predetermined conduction data transfer capacity when colossally raised electric field moves through a dielectric material (William, Smith Hashemi, 2011). Accordingly, there can be noteworthy ascent in the movement of the electrons that can prompt centered vaporization, burning and dissolving that overwhelmingly corrupts the building material or makes it to come up short (Soibam, Sanatombi, 2014). The event called dielectric quality or some of the time referred to as dielectric breakdown is experienced. Capacitance In a capacitor, a unit plate of a capacitor gets positive charges if a voltage V moves through it while another gains negative charges. The resultant electric field moves from the positive to the negative individually. To encourage the calculation of the capacitance C, an articulation that is normally utilized is C=Q/V where Q = the amount of charged put away on either plates of the capacitor and V in the applied voltage moving through the capacitor. Its units are in coulombs per volt (Farads), F. Current building applications Power Transmission: links, for example, copper and aluminum wire are generally utilized for power transmission. Capacity of charge: capacitors are utilized in electronic machines to store electric charges. Protection: poor electrical channels, for example, elastic and plastic are utilized as encasings, for instance, as handles of machines. Flow guideline: materials with high opposition, for example, metal oxides are generally used to control the measure of flow streaming in electrical machines. Professionals Pliability: electrical materials, for example, aluminum are exceptionally pliant and can be produced into various shapes Flexibility: electrical materials, for example, copper can be brought into wires of various measurements. Cons Significant expenses: copper links are very costly and thusly, require high starting expense of venture. Substantial: electrical materials, for example, copper are overwhelming and are in this way, hard to move starting with one point then onto the next contrasted with optical materials, for example, optical fiber. Consumption: electrical materials, for example, aluminum are vulnerable to erosion and hence, require consistent substitution. Optical properties of materials Optical property of a building material is related with its cooperation with electromagnetic radiation. Such radiation may have properties that fall inside or outside the obvious light range (Tilleman, 2010). Signal transmission through a metallic link conveyor is electronic, while in filaments it is by means of photons. This guides in quicker transmission at extraordinary densities to longer separations with diminished blunder rate. Perhaps the best case of optical designing materials is optical fiber that frames the foundation of the correspondence frameworks today. The coaxial link transmits the signs, though the cladding tightens the light pillar to the coaxial link. The external covering watches the coaxial link and cladding from the fringe condition. Optical fiber utilizes the hypothesis of all out inner reflectance. Typically, both the coaxial link and cladding are produced utilizing strange kinds of glass with carefully directed records of refraction. Current building applications Media transmission: there are numerous employments of optical filaments in media transmission, for example, widespread systems to work stations for the communicate of information, voice, or video over a given separation. For instance, old telephone utility (POTS) and Local trade bearers (LECs) (Tilley, 2010). Information transmission: Multinational organizations require secure, dependable components to pass on information and money related information between premises to the PCs or terminals and to transmit information over the globe (Callister, Rethwisch, 2007). Transportation frameworks: fiber-optic-arranged telemetry components is utilized in shrewd transportation instruments like savvy thruways combined with keen traffic lights, programmed fee collection counters, and convertible message signs. Biomedical industry: Fiber-optic plans are applied in the majortiy of contemporary telemedicine dagdets for transmiting computerized analytic pictures. The extra uses incorporate space, military, motorvehicle, and the assembling area. Aces Size and weight: the optical filaments are light in weight with little coaxial breadth. This aides during the turning out procedure over significant distances. Signal dependability: there is insignificant electromagnetic impedance on account of optical signals hence; they can go over relatively longer separations. Data transfer capacity limit: a ton of data can be done by the optical signs contrasted with the electrical ones. Cons Exchanging: there is poor traffic exchanging despite the fact that there is expanded information transmission productivity on account of point-to-point transmission. Physical requirements: the coaxial links can't withstand extraordinary twisting and are vulnerable to losing some light transmission qualities. Cost per client: the expense of conveying optical filaments to homes and purposes of utilization is similarly higher. Warm properties of materials Distinctive building materials have diverse warm properties since they respond contrastingly when presented to various degrees of temperature. For instance, aluminum oxide happens because of high amounts of negative vitality and this renders it an attractive stubborn designing material that has reasonable concoction solidness. Such a reality clarifies its event in high mild districts. The warm conductivity of aluminum oxide (decided in W/mK) is its capacity to direct warmth (Chawla, 2012). This attribute of aluminum oxide clarifies the level at which transmission of warm vitality happens through it. Because of its moderately raised warm conductivity, the oxide has a wide scope of utilizations since it is a high temperature designing material in the cutting edge universe of building. The warm development coefficient of

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Negative Effects of Advertising free essay sample

Untrustworthy Advertising Unfortunately, promoting is sending our nation into a fast descending winding, doing a huge measure of damage and minimal great. Organizations pay a huge number of dollars every year, in wants to effectively deceive us and get their item sold. The deceptive nature is leaving the residents of this nation with nothing to pick up. The most serious issue with promoting is that most of it is alarmingly deceptive. Commercials pass on a ridiculous perspective on a specific item. Organizations go to remarkable lengths to convince purchasers to enjoy superfluous extravagances. By and by, the shopper succumbs to their stunts and tricks. The American individuals have become unbelievably gullible over a short measure of time. Most of society favors the shallow and materialistic. All they see is a picture. In the article â€Å"Sex Appeal in Advertising has Negative Effects,† Shawna Robertson expresses that â€Å"Not just have individuals become hoodwinked by the pictures they are seeing, however their virtues are enduring as well† (n. We will compose a custom paper test on The Negative Effects of Advertising or on the other hand any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page pag. ). Youngsters are influenced the most. At a youthful age one permits their brain to be shaped and developed. A kid will grow up to be all that they are encircled by, being entirely powerless to outside impacts. That being stated, for people in the future experiencing childhood in a media pervaded nation, there is little expectation. Endeavoring to flourish in a consumerist nation, with a consumerist demeanor, will obstruct the United States for a considerable length of time to come. When a thought is planted in the psyches of powerless willed individuals, there is once in a while trust in change. Publicizing is exploitative, regardless of anything else. It makes a bogus, unreasonable picture and urges individuals to purchase in, leaving generally unsatisfied after the underlying â€Å"new† feeling has worn off. America spins around material belongings. Most are in the red because of this. Everybody needs the freshest, generally costly, and great things available. Sadly, we have our hands full attempting to handle the beast that is publicizing. The negative effect publicizing has on us could be transformed into a positive effect if promoting was straightforward, there was no promoting, and the general population got instructed about deluding advertisements. Without a doubt, promoting ought to be straightforward. What notices portray is bogus and out of line. Promoting and the media persuades the American open that on the off chance that they capitulate and oblige the pattern, at that point they will have some great honor sitting tight for them when everything is said and done. Magazines artificially glamorize models until they have all the earmarks of being perfect goddesses embellishing the front pages. In the article, â€Å"Negative Influences of Media,† Manalie Oak expresses that â€Å"It is frequently observed that little youngsters and young men emulate their good examples indiscriminately. The negative things the big names do are regularly discussed. The contentions in the lives of the famous people are frequently featured by the media. This prompts a visually impaired impersonation of what shows up in the news† (n. pag. ). In the event that promoting was honest and passed on fair pictures, it would do a ton of good for society. Shoppers would understand that they ought not adjust to all that they see and should oppose spending their cash on paltry amazingness. Little youngsters would understand that the model they find in that business has a pimple on her brow, or a solitary hair strange. Publicizing untrustworthy items ought to be prohibited and organizations ought to be fined if their ad doesn't meet a particular arrangement of fundamental prerequisites. In the event that an organization might want to publicize a particular item, the item ought to be reviewed alongside the advertisement to guarantee the individuals of this nation are not discarding their cash on a falsehood. In the event that the item, truth be told, doesn't play out the specific way the promotion recommends, it ought to be removed the market right away. Organizations ought to be fined for attempting to propagandize exploitative product or ridiculous pictures. In the event that this were a necessity a ton of ads would not, at this point have the option to air on national TV. The American individuals would then be trusted to settle on a good choice when buying things. Irrefutably, if there were nothing of the sort as promoting we would see a lot of progress in the mentalities and convictions of the American individuals. We are continually being shelled with unfortunate data. In this age, we are driven by innovation. The web, TV, and media run our lives to a degree. We are continually observing a type of commercial, regardless of whether on a board or something else. Individuals need the picture cap is communicated in notices, and usually, the picture depicted isn't pragmatic. In the article, â€Å"A Mighty Image† by Cameron Johnson, he illuminates us that â€Å"The picture makes an appeal, that is, an alluring relationship of the thing†¦with a lot of thoughts. That arrangement of thoughts can be altogether separated from the re al world, totally separate from the requirements of regular life† (180). On the off chance that there was no publicizing it would permit the general population to see different things about the world they would have never seen something else. More consideration would be put upon expressions of the human experience and writing if advertisements were not continually in our appearances. This would check all that we are learning and starting to accept about the media and publicizing. In the event that publicizing was banned we could flourish. Organizations would need to locate some other wellspring of subsidizing for TV programs, magazines, and so on. We would be compelled to have an independent perspective, for a change. Disposing of publicizing out and out would be a jump forward for this nation. Also, it is a sheltered supposition that if the individuals were taught about misdirecting promoting and the harm it is causing, it would profit everybody. We could observer change occur for the great. In the event that the unscrupulousness of the media was misused society would get a reminder and some would alter their way of life. The open presently thinks about the damages of cigarette smoking, liquor utilization, and medication use. In all decency, they ought to be taught about different ways they have been hurt and deceived by promoting. The legislature examines our medication, our food, and different various insights regarding our lives, so it is horrifying that there is no consideration set on what runs our lives the most. While talking about this issue with a kindred colleague, Molly Smith, she expressed, â€Å"If we weren’t continually being deceived by the advertisements we see regularly, I figure some old qualities would be reestablished. Promoting ought not be so deceptive. People in general has an option to be educated† (n. pag. ). Our youngsters ought to be instructed in the study hall that promoting can't be trusted. Rather than brilliant personalities getting conditioned with silly prevailing fashions and patterns, accentuation ought to be set after esteeming oneself and making beneficial, solid choices. Individuals ought to be encouraged to understand that promoting is misdirecting and bogus on purpose. Organizations do that purposefully to trick us. It is surprising that organizations are even permitted. Bogus publicizing encompasses us and if individuals were totally mindful of the destructive impacts promoting has on everybody, change would occur. In actuality, the best answer for this issue is wiping out promoting out and out. Fair publicizing and instructing the individuals would help however those are not as pragmatic and sensible. Dispensing with promoting is the not out of the question way to deal with the current issue. Organizations will consistently figure out how to misdirect general society. We live in a period where promoting has been such a gigantic factor in our lives for a really long time. The current issue must get wiped out with the end goal for progress to be made, sadly. In the diary, â€Å"The Impact of Media Images on Body Image and Behaviors: A Summary of the Scientific Edidence, Dr. Helga Dittmar educates us that â€Å"Advertising, the broad communications (counting the World Wide Web), and purchaser culture exceptionally profile ‘body perfect’ standards that are both counterfeit and naturally inappropriate† (n. pag. ). Attempting to discover center ground with enormous business and trading off the issue isn't an alternative. Making a call to move and getting the bull by the horns is the most ideal approach to beat this issue and witness ideal outcomes. Shockingly, some may contend that the difficult will never be illuminated. Some despite everything accept that publicizing is something worth being thankful for. Individuals may contend that it is a positive thing that we stay refreshed with all the most recent contraptions and patterns. This kind of outlook is shocking and disheartening. These individuals couldn't be all the more off-base. In the event that we would get rid of promoting, individuals would be compelled to create and develop in a manner that is one of a kind. For probably the first time, we would isolate ourselves from the ridiculous requests of the media and publicizing. Individuals would be a lot more joyful and would live more advantageous ways of life if there were not absurd weights from outside impacts. We can be certain about the possibility that if promoting was nonexistent, another world would develop. There would be nothing of the sort as generalizing and inner circles. We would be compelled to make our own thoughts, and be compelled to settle on our own choices about the picture and way of life we need to pass on. Creativity is the place we can discover development and associate with ourselves as well as other people, agreeably. The impacts of publicizing are cutting us profound, in a way they never have. Controlling what is tossed in our countenances consistently isn't a simple undertaking, however it is basic we take care of business. Exposing new ages to this issue we have made is uncalled for and out of line. We should get our heads on straight and perceive what encompasses us. That, however we ought to likewise have the option to comprehend and isolate the great from terrible. Th

Friday, August 21, 2020

Financial Basics Saving

Financial Basics Saving Financial Basics: Saving Financial Basics: SavingOne of the first lessons of saving money is to make it a priority. Instead of saving whats left over from spending, spend whats left over after saving!We like to think we deliver nuanced and complex financial advice on the Financial Sense Blog each and every day. But since its National Financial Literacy Month right now, we decided it was time we got back to basics.So come one, come all: Whether youre a saving-tips-novice or a wizened saving wizard, and drink deep from the well of this saving advice. Make it a budget priority.Hopefully, you’ve built a budget for yourself. If you haven’t, then you might want to stop by our budgeting for beginners post first. While it can be really hard to make room in your budget for saving, it’s the only way to actually start the process.You’ll have to take a look at your budget and figure out where you can make some cuts. Just apply that money to a section of the budget labeled “savings” and every month your savin gs will grow.Of course, it’ll be even easier to stash away extra money if youre earning  extra  money in the first place!Direct new income to savings.While it might be nice to get more spending money to use on fun things, it’s important to make sure your savings are covered first.“The best way to use the extra money from a raise is to act as if you didnt receive the raise,” suggested Robert R. Johnson, PhD, CFA, CAIA, and professor of finance at Heider College of Business at Creighton University (@CreightonBiz). “That is, continue to live the same lifestyle you led before receiving a raise and invest the difference.“The most common mistake is that people let their spending increase commensurate with their new salary. For instance, people move into a bigger apartment or buy a more expensive car to reward themselves for receiving the raise. What happens is they are unable to improve their financial condition because they spend everything they make.“People would be well a dvised to pay heed to Warren Buffetts sage words: ‘Do not save what is left after spending; instead spend what is left after saving.’”If you want to earn some money through an extra job or side hustle, check out this list of 10 great side hustles that are perfect for some fast cash.Let the robots save for you!If you have to remember to save, you might forget to save. So make sure you don’t have to even think about it.“The best way to start saving is through automation,” recommended  Money Elevation Coach Roslyn Lash (@RosLash). “Create a budget to determine how much you can truly afford. This should be an amount that will not create hardship so that you wont regularly withdraw. Then, have those funds automatically deposited into your savings account. Youll be surprised at how fast the money will accumulate.”You can also consider the wide world of  saving apps!“One trick in helping to save is to use technology,” advised Johnson. There are financial apps that help people save money. One popular app is called Acorn. You tie Acorn to your debit card and it rounds the purchase up to the nearest dollar, effectively allowing you to invest your spare change.So if your Dunkin Donuts coffee costs $2.47, when you use your debit card, three dollars will be taken out of your account with $2.47 going to Dunkin Donuts and $0.53 going into your investment account.This allows you to save money as you make everyday purchases and you don’t have to make the decision to invest the money. You will be surprised at how quickly your account balance builds. And with saving, like anything else, a little early success is contagious and you have started saving.”You can also try using certain budgeting methods, like the Envelope Method, which comes in both high tech and low tech forms.Choose the right savings accounts.It’s not just about putting your money into a savings account. It’s also important to choose the right savings account.“Saving money in a tradit ional savings account, or even worse, in cash, is a surefire way to lose buying power overtime due to inflation,” explained personal finance writer  Dustyn Ferguson (@dustyndream).“To at least counter inflation, a high-yield savings account that offers around a two percent interest rate will ensure your money keeps its buying power over the years. You wont earn a lot of money from a 2 percent account; however, a high-yield savings account is still super important because savings are normally for the future.And if you arent at a minimum protecting your money against inflation, your money wont get you as much in the future as it will today. Plus, there is zero risk with high-yield savings accounts, which cant be said for other places you could put your money, like stocks.”Grow your money long-term.Having money set aside for emergencies is great, but youre also going to need money to support yourself in retirement. In order to do that, youre going to have to invest it and let tha t money grow.Johnson provided a helpful example of how some strategic saving right now, can help you out decades down the line:Suppose one receives a $5,000 annual raise early in ones career. If you simply invest that $5,000 annually into an investment account growing at a 10 percent annual rate, you will have accumulated over $822,000 in 30 years.  You will have invested a total of $150,000 and have earned $672,000 from those investments.And, lest you believe that a 10 percent average annual return is unrealistic, according to Ibbotson Associates, since 1926 the average annual return on a large capitalization stock index (think SP 500) is 10 percent, while investments in long term government and long-term corporate bonds have on average grown annually by 5.5 percent and 6.1 percent, respectively.“Why this is the best use of funds is because the vast majority of Americans reaching retirement age have very little saved for retirement. Estimates are that two-thirds of individuals a pproaching retirement won’t be able to maintain their standard of living because they have so little saved for retirement.Solving the retirement income crisis is not difficultâ€"one simply must save early and often. Starting early is the key to successful retirement savings because of the effect of compound interest. Albert Einstein said that compound interest is the greatest mathematical discovery of all time. Time is the greatest ally of the investor because of the ‘magic’ of compound interest.To learn more about the basics of saving, budgeting, and credit work, just sign up for the  free  personal finance courses were offering over at OppU.   And if you enjoyed this post, you can check out these other posts and articles from OppLoans:Save More Money with These 40 Expert Tips10 Good Money Habits to Make Your Friends JealousFrom Budget to Baller: 6 Tips to Grow Your Money8 Ways To Save Money Today, Tomorrow and Every Day AfterDo you have a   personal finance question youd lik e us to answer? Let us know! You can find us  on  Facebook  and  Twitter.  |  InstagramContributorsDustyn Ferguson  (@dustyndream) is the personal finance aficionado behind  Dime Will Tell. He often blogs about his experiences and shares his secrets when it comes to making and saving more money to achieve financial success.Robert R. Johnson, PhD, CFA, CAIA is a Professor of Finance in the  Heider College of Business, Creighton University  (@CreightonBiz). He is also Chairman and CEO of Economic Index Associates, home to a new paradigm in Index investing. Dr. Johnson is the co-author of the books Invest With the Fed, Strategic Value Investing, Investment Banking for Dummies, and The Tools and Techniques of Investment Planning.Roslyn Lash  (@RosLash), the  Money Elevation Coach, is an Accredited Financial Counselor?, Real Estate Investor, and the Author of The 7 Fruits of Budgeting. She works virtually with single women helping them to gain clarity around their finances, reduce debt, and increase their net worth so that they can live a more abundant life. Her advice has been featured in national publications such as USA Today, Forbes, TIME, Huffington Post, Los Angeles Times, and a host of other media outlets.

Monday, May 25, 2020

How to Calculate Atomic Mass

You may be asked to calculate atomic mass in chemistry or physics. There is more than one way to find atomic mass. Which method you use depends on the information youre given. First, its a good idea to understand what exactly, atomic mass means. What Is Atomic Mass? Atomic mass is the sum of the masses of the protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom, or the average mass, in a group of atoms. However, electrons have so much less mass than protons and neutrons that they dont factor into the calculation. So,  the atomic mass is the sum of the masses of protons and neutrons. There are three ways to find atomic mass, depending on your situation. Which one to use depends on whether you have a single atom, a natural sample of the element, or simply need to know the standard value. 3 Ways to Find Atomic Mass The method used to find atomic mass depends on whether youre looking at a single atom, a natural sample, or a sample containing a known ratio of isotopes: 1) Look Up Atomic Mass on the Periodic Table If its your first encounter with chemistry, your instructor will want you to learn how to use the periodic table to find the atomic mass (atomic weight) of an element. This number usually is given below an elements symbol. Look for the decimal number, which is a weighted average of the atomic masses of all the natural isotopes of an element. Example:  If you are asked to give the atomic mass of carbon, you first need to know its element symbol, C. Look for C on the periodic table. One number is carbons element number or atomic number. Atomic number increase as you go across the table. This is not the value you want. The atomic mass or atomic weight is the decimal number, The number of significant figures varies according to the table, but the value is around 12.01. This value on a periodic table is given in atomic mass units or amu,  but for chemistry calculations, you usually write atomic mass in terms of grams per mole or g/mol. The atomic mass of carbon would be 12.01 grams per mole of carbon atoms. 2) Sum of Protons and Neutrons for a Single Atom To calculate the atomic mass of a single atom of an element, add up the mass of protons and neutrons. Example: Find the atomic mass of an isotope of carbon that has 7 neutrons. You can see from the periodic table that carbon has an atomic number of 6, which is its number of protons. The atomic mass of the atom is the mass of the protons plus the mass of the neutrons, 6 7, or 13. 3) Weighted Average for All Atoms of an Element The atomic mass of an element is a weighted average of all the elements isotopes based on their natural abundance. It is simple to calculate the atomic mass of an element with these steps.Typically, in these problems, you are provided with a list of isotopes with their mass and their natural abundance either as a decimal or percent value. Multiply each isotopes mass by its abundance. If your abundance is a percent, divide your answer by 100.Add these values together. The answer is the total atomic mass or atomic weight of the element. Example: You are given a sample containing 98% carbon-12 and 2% carbon-13. What is the relative atomic mass of the element? First, convert the percentages to decimal values by dividing each percentage by 100. The sample becomes 0.98 carbon-12 and 0.02 carbon-13. (Tip: You can check your math by making certain the decimals add up to 1. 0.98 0.02 1.00). Next, multiply  the atomic mass of each isotope by the proportion of the element in the sample: 0.98 x 12 11.760.02 x 13 0.26 For the final answer, add these together: 11.76 0.26 12.02 g/mol Advanced Note: This atomic mass is slightly higher than the value given in the periodic table for the element carbon. What does this tell you? The sample you were given to analyze contained more carbon-13 than average. You know this because your relative atomic mass is higher than the periodic table value, even though the periodic table number includes heavier isotopes, such as carbon-14. Also, note the numbers given on the periodic table apply to the Earths crust/atmosphere and may have little bearing on the expected isotope ratio in the mantle or core or on other worlds. Over time, you may notice the atomic mass values listed for each element on the periodic table may change slightly. This happens when scientists revise the estimated isotope ratio in the crust. In modern periodic tables, sometimes a range of values is cited rather than a single atomic mass. Find More Worked Examples

Thursday, May 14, 2020

A Rose For Emily s House As A Symbol And Or Metaphor Essay

1. Discuss the ways in which Faulkner uses Miss Emily s house as a symbol and/or metaphor both her character s personality and circumstances and for the narrative s broader themes. What does the description of Emily s house—at the beginning of the story, particularly, but also throughout the narrative—reveal about her character? About the story s historical setting? About the narrative s central concerns? As an image of decrepit grandeur, Miss Emily’s house is used to symbolize Miss Emily’s character herself, the historical setting in which the story takes place, and some of the story’s central themes. Described as â€Å"a big, squarish frame house that had once been white, decorates with cupolas and spires and scrolled balconies† (Faulkner 1), the house is ornate and grand in design, even being located on what was once an exclusive street in Jefferson. However, over time, it had become dilapidated and unkempt, with the interior being dark an d full of dust, possessing â€Å"a close, dank smell† (Faulkner 1). Similarly, Miss Emily was once a young lady of high standing, opulent in her own ways, but slowly aged and lost her grandeur, becoming â€Å"a small, fat woman† (Faulkner 1) whose hair was turning grayer as the days went by. Much like her home, Miss Emily was losing her charm over time, showing that her character was stubbornly grasping on to the idea that she still retained an image of splendor she no longer possessed, all while isolating herself from the rest of the town.Show MoreRelatedA Rose For Emily Literary Analysis875 Words   |  4 Pagesnew ideas allows for both the individual and society to progress. William Faulkner packs the short story â€Å"A Rose for Emily† with different types of literary devices that describes the fight against change in the post-U.S. Civil War South. 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If the reader judges these characters with a conventionalRead More The Role of the Watch in William Faulkners A Rose for Emily1199 Words   |  5 PagesThe Role of the Watch in William Faulkners A Rose for Emily Even the casual reader of William Faulkner will recognize the element of time as a crucial one in much of the writers work, and the critical attention given to the subject of time in Faulkner most certainly fills many pages of criticism. A goodly number of those pages of criticism deal with the well-known short story, A Rose for Emily. Several scholars, most notably Paul McGlynn, have worked to untangle the confusing chronologyRead MoreSetting Is The Most Versatile Device An Author1454 Words   |  6 Pagesaims to capture the essence and sometime social aspects of a period in time. In a given story, setting can serve a purpose to develop a story in a certain way or be used to accomplish and multitude of objectives. Setting offers context to a character s’ surroundings which can then led to further insight into a variety of relevant themes or moments. Closely examining the setting often enables the reader to visualize where the story takes place, better understand why characte rs act in a certain way andRead MoreEmily Dickinson s The Soul Selects Her Own S1297 Words   |  6 PagesIsolation: WWW6 Emily Dickinson’s â€Å"The Soul selects her own Society-† is a poem that deals with love and heartbreak. The first line of the poem clearly sums up the meaning that the â€Å"soul† chooses which people to let into their life. The opening line represents the overall message of the poem and the rest of the poem elaborates on this line. Emily Dickinson’s â€Å"The Soul selects her own Society† is filled with dark and powerful images that represent the isolation that the soul wants to achieve. TheRead MorePoetic Perceptions of Death Essay3253 Words   |  14 PagesAlfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) and Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) are two of the most well known poets of the 19th century. Tennyson, described as â€Å"the leading poet of the Victorian Age† and Dickinson, described as â€Å"one of America’s greatest poets† both won most of acclaim thanks to their strong ideas on death. Death is a common theme in any eras but it took a particular significance in the 19th century , especially in literature. As intense poets, both Dickinson and Tennyson shared their innermostRead MoreTypes Of Poetry : A Poem Which Deals With Religious Themes, Love, Tragedy, Domestic Crimes, Essay2495 Words   |  10 Pageslove so easily The simplest act of kindness often deeply moves me I fall in love so effortlessly Hearing a stranger s voice often stir up fond memories Love can be found in all things that people do and say Searching for love can be such a joy Especially when you don t know exactly what you re looking for Falling in love is the gentlest fall It s the most wonderful trip of all Falling falling falling ... No matter how many times the wordsRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words   |  116 Pagesthe middle. In still other cases, the chronology of plot may shift backward and forward in time, as for example in William Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily, where the author deliberately sets aside the chronological ordering of events and their cause/effect relationship in order to establish an atmosphere of unreality, build suspense and mystery, and underscore Emily Grierson’s own attempt to deny the passage of time itself. Perhaps the most frequently and conventionally used device of interruptingRead MoreAmerican Literature11652 Words   |  47 PagesChristian utopia Genre/Style: ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · sermons, diaries personal narratives captivity narratives jeremiads written in plain style Effect: ï‚ · ï‚ · instructive reinforces authority of the Bible and church Historical Context: ï‚ · ï‚ · a person s fate is determined by God all people are corrupt and must be saved by Christ Rationalism / Age of Enlightenment period of American Literature - 1750-1800 Content: ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · national mission and American character democratic utopia use of reason

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill Essay - 1393 Words

Explain why Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures and assess whether he achieves his aim or not. In his essay, Utilitarianism Mill elaborates on Utilitarianism as a moral theory and responds to misconceptions about it. Utilitarianism, in Mill’s words, is the view that  »actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. «1 In that way, Utilitarianism offers an answer to the fundamental question Ethics is concerned about: ‘How should one live?’ or ‘What is the good or right way to live?’. In the first chapter, General Remarks, Mill points out that, even after 2000 years, this fundamental question remains controversial. In his opinion, neither the idea†¦show more content†¦In fact, differences in the quality of a pleasure must be considered as well as differences in quantity. Mill argues that differences in quality are to be measured in preferences rather than quality. quot;Of two pleasures, if there be one to which all or almost all who have experience of both give a decided preference, irrespective of any feeling of moral obligation to prefer it, that is the more desirable pleasure.quot;6 Ergo, Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures in order to respond to The Philosophy of Swine Objection. However, the distinction between quality and quantity is not new. Mill himself asserts that  »utilitarian writers in general have placed the superiority of mental over bodily pleasures. «7 What is new in Mill’s theory is that he rejects to measure pleasure in any kind of numerical scale. His scale is an ordinal scale, in which pleasures are ordered in terms of preference, i.e. pleasure A is greater than pleasure B and so on. The problem with that measurement is that it is not transitive, which means that if pleasure A is greater than pleasure B and pleasure B is greater than pleasure C, it does not follow that pleasure A is greater than pleasure C, simply because we are not talking about quantity but quality. For example, I may prefer banana ice cream to chocolate ice cream, and I may prefer chocolate ice cream to strawberry ice cream, but I may also prefer strawberry ice cream toShow MoreRelatedUtilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill And Utilitarianism880 Words   |  4 Pagessometimes hard to define, but with John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism it is a little bit easier. Utilitarianism is an easy one, for the reason that it is defined by the greatest happiness for everyone involved. Sometimes it does not always make everyone content, but if you look at it as a whole it makes sense. Mill says that we have to look at the bigger picture. One person’s happiness affects another’s and so on. Utilitarianism is a moral theory that John Stuart Mill, the philosopher, formulated toRead MoreUtilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill1365 Words   |  6 Pages In John Stuart Mill’s book Utilitarianism, he argues for the defense of utilitarianism, an age old theory originally developed by Jeremy Bentham that states the proper course of action is the one that maximizes happiness. The course of action that maximizes general happiness is also the only true standard for moral assessment. Mill also introduces the idea of ‘first principle’ which states that it is not acceptable for individuals to characterize actions as either ‘good’ or ‘bad’, because it isRead MoreUtilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill1372 Words   |  6 PagesAct Utilitarianism is a long standing and well supported philosophical argument that when boiled down to its most basic elements, can be described as creating â€Å"the greatest good for the greatest number† (122). Such was the sentiment of John Stuart Mill, one of act utilitarianism’s (also known as just utilitarianism) greatest pioneers, and promoters. Mills believed that his theory of always acting in a way that achieved the greatest net happiness was both superior to other philosophical theories andRead MoreUtilitarianism By John Stuart Mill1805 Words   |  8 PagesIn his book Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill presents his exposition and h is major defenses of the philosophy of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, a theory in ethics developed by the philosopher Jeremy Bentham, focuses on a concept of utility that focuses on deciding if actions are morally right or wrong by analyzing the pleasure and pain they cause. In other words, if an action causes primarily pleasure for all parties, then it must be good and right; however, if it causes pain for the parties involvedRead MoreUtilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill1599 Words   |  7 PagesUtilitarianism is a doctrine in normative ethics that is outlined and defended by many philosophers, including the English philosopher John Stuart Mill as a standard to determine what are right and wrong actions. At its most basic claim, the right course of action one must take should be in the interest of maximizing what is known as utility. The right course of action is determined as being right if it maximizes the total benefit and happiness gained, while at the same time reducing the g reatestRead MoreThe Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill984 Words   |  4 PagesDecriminalize Drug use Utilitarianism as an example of consequentialism is a moral theory generally considered to have started in the late eighteenth century. In the book Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill he defined the ethical theory stating that â€Å"†¦actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness†(7). The idea behind the theory is that people seek happiness, and that the ultimate goal of all human beings is to be happy.Read MoreUtilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill854 Words   |  4 PagesJohn Stuart Mill, among other things, was an English philosopher and economist who lived from 1806 to 1873. Mill grew up being immersed in the principles of utilitarianism. Mill’s essay on utilitarianism, titled Utilitarianism, was written to debunk misconceptions of and to provide support for the ideology. Mill’s essay and argument span five chapters, where his discussions range from definitions, misconceptions, re wards, methods, and validity. Utilitarianism is generally held to be the view thatRead MoreJohn Stuart Mill And Utilitarianism983 Words   |  4 PagesIn Utilitarianism actions are judged right and wrong solely on their consequence, and in order to assess this consequences, the only thing that matters is the amount of happiness and unhappiness caused and by calculating happiness and unhappiness caused, nobody’s happiness counts any more than anybody else’s. Utilitarian ethics is the most common form of ethics used today, it has thrived because two needs have been met by it. Firstly, end-based thinking is common and people have sought to improveRead MoreJohn Stuart Mill And Utilitarianism1202 Words   |  5 Pages I contend that the philosophy of John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism can be used to show that society should will that genetic enhancement be morally acceptable if the adverse cognitive or emotional effects are outweighed by the benefits. Glannon argues tha t gene enhancement is morally objectionable because â€Å"there would be the unacceptable social cost of some people suffering from adverse cognitive or emotional effects of the enhancement.† Under Utilitarianism, society would likely deem that geneticRead MoreUtilitarianism By John Stuart Mill930 Words   |  4 PagesAnalysis Paper 2 In the essay â€Å"Utilitarianism† by John Stuart Mill, he explains his support for utilitarianism and argues any misconceptions of it. In his essay he talks about the difference between higher and lower pleasures and what significance they have in his utilitarian moral theory. His theory is based on the rule that â€Å"actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.† Many people experience different kinds of pleasure

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Signs Of Stress Essay Example For Students

Signs Of Stress Essay In researching stress, one would learn about what stress is, the early warning signs of stress, the different types of stress, and how to build resistance to it. Stress is a combination of physical, mental, and emotional feelings that result from pressure, worry, and anxiety. The pressures from stress are called stressors. Some examples of common stressors are: divorce, death in the family, job change, pregnancy, a large mortgage, marriage, and retirement. In medicine, stress is, a physical, chemical, or emotional development that causes strains that can lead to physical illness. (Microsoft Encarta)Some of the most common symptoms of stress are emotional distress, muscular problems, and stomach problems. Emotional distress includes anger, irritability, and anxiety. Muscular problems such as tension headaches, upper and lower back pain, and jaw pain (TMJ), are symptoms of stress. Muscular tensions that lead to pulled muscles and tendon and ligament problems, are symptoms of stress as well. Other symptoms of stress are stomach, gut and bowel problems. Heartburn, acid stomach, ulcers, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome are examples of these problems. Symptoms like cold hands or feet, shortness of breath, and chest pain are also common. The early warning signs of stress include apathy, anxiety, irritability, mental fatigue, and overcompensation or denial. What is stressful for one person, may or may not be stressful for another; each person responds to stress in a different way. A person can plan their life so that stress doesnt overwhelm them. Managed stress makes people productive and happy. There are four types of stress. There is acute stress, episodic acute stress, chronic stress, and traumatic stress. Each type of stress has its own characteristics, symptoms, duration, and treatments. Acute stress is the common type of stress. Acute stress is exciting and thrilling in small amount, but too much is exhausting. Overdoing it on acute stress can lead to psychological distress, tension headaches, upset stomach, and other symptoms. Some examples of stressors that can cause acute stress are: an auto accident that crumpled the car fender; a childs occasional problems at school; and so on. Acute stress doesnt have enough time to do extensive damage that is associated with long-term stress. Episodic Acute stress is what people who suffer from acute stress frequently have. These peoples lives are so disorderly that they are constantly in a state of chaos and crisis. There are always in a hurry, but they are always late. Another form of episodic acute stress comes from no-stop worry. These people tend to be over aroused and tense. The symptoms of episodic acute stress are the symptoms of extended over arousal: persistent tension headaches, migraines, hypertension, chest pain, and heart disease. Suffers are usually very resistant to change of any kind. Acute stress can come up in anyones life but it is highly treatable and manageable. A more serious type of stress is chronic stress. Chronic stress is the grinding stress that wears people away day after day, year after year. (Battison, 1997 p. 19) It destroys minds, bodies, and lives. Chronic stress comes when a person doesnt see a way out of a miserable situation. The worst part of chronic stress is that people get used to it and forget that its there. Chronic stress kills by means of suicide, violence, heart attack, stroke, and perhaps, even cancer. The symptoms of chronic stress are hard to treat and could require a lot of medical and behavioral treatment, therapy, and stress management. Traumatic stress is a special kind of chronic stress, known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is caused by trauma that is not handled correctly. Some example of traumatic experiences are: accidents, rape, verbal, physical, psychological, or sexual abuse, being in the presence of extreme violence, a brush with death, natural disasters, death of a loved one, and impriso nment. The symptoms of PTSD are flashbacks, over arousal, emotional numbness or loss of feeling, along with extreme emotional outbursts to minor things. People with PTSD suffer from problems with concentration, controlling impulses, and decision making, The long term consequences of PTSD are depression, anxiety, behavioral disorders, multiple personality disorder, and suicide. .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 , .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .postImageUrl , .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 , .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:hover , .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:visited , .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:active { border:0!important; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:active , .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687 .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uface267f6287199d39a1df19244a0687:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Nathaniel EssayThere are three basic strategies for dealing with stress. The first strategy is altering situations to make them less stressful. Avoiding stressful situations is the next strategy. Accepting stressful situations is the other basic strategy in dealing with stress at the source. Each strategy has its disadvantages and its advantages. Its up to every person to decide which one to use with which situation. The tougher a persons resistance to stress is, the more stress they can take. (Hanson, 1985 p.52) There is a lot a person can do to maximize their resistance to stress. People have resources to help them handle stress. The re resources include family and finan cial resources, social and spiritual resources, as well as personal resources. They can also develop good health habits and get rid of bad health habits to help build up a resistance to stress. Improving a persons nutritional habits makes them much less susceptible to stress. Health and Beauty Essays